SpeechGal Therapies - Working together, we can make a difference!
Developmental Milestones


Some of the major developmental milestones for communication development are presented in the following outline. Particular emphasis is placed on achievements in the developmental areas of cognition, socialization and speech/language. 

 This information was taken and summarized from the following source: Owens, R.E. (2001) Language Development (5 Edition) Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
 
 
Birth to One month
Sees best at 7 inches
Is alert less than 5% of the day
Comforted by sound of human voice
Smiles reflexively
Cries
Makes non-crying speech-like sounds, usually when feeding
 
One Month
Moves limbs reflexively
Cries from distress and for assistance
Human voice calms crying
Establishes eye-contact with mother
Smiles spontaneously
Makes pleasure sounds.
 
Two Months
Moves arms; swipes at objects
Visually prefers human face
Repeats own actions
Excites in anticipation of objects or people
Distinguishes different speech sounds
Laughs and produces “throaty” guttural sounds called gooing.
 
Three Months
Swipes at dangling objects
Has full visual focus
Visually searches for sounds; turns head when hears a voice
Explores own body
Visually distinguishes different people and things.
Cooing appears – consonant-vowel vocalizations
Produces predominately vowel sounds
 
Four Months
Localizes to sounds
Stares at place from which objects is dropped
Recognizes mother in a group
Discriminates different faces
Anticipates being lifted; laughs when played with
Babbles strings of consonants
Imitates tones
Smiles at person speaking to him/her

Five Months
Begins to play
Visually follows a vanishing object
Recognizes familiar objects
Explores objects by mouthing and touching
Reacts differently to smiling and scolding
Discriminates parents and siblings from others
Displays anger when objects are taken away
Experiments with different sounds
Imitates some sounds
Responds to name
Smiles and vocalizes to image in mirror
 
Six Months
Looks and reaches smoothing and quickly
Inspects objects
Enjoys people games, e.g., “peek-a-boo”
Feeds self finger food
Explores face of person holding her
Varies volume, pitch and rate.
Vocalizes pleasure and displeasure

Seven Months
Visually searches briefly for toy that disappears
Imitates a physical act only if in her repertoire
Anticipates some results, e.g., Jack pops up at end of song
Teases (beginning of humor); laughs at funny expressions
Raises arms to be picked up
Plays vocally
Produces several sounds in one breath
Listens to vocalizations of others
 
Eight Months
Recognizes object dimensions
Explores shape, weight, texture function & properties of objects.
Acts positively toward peers
Shouts for attention
Listens selectively
Repeats emphasized syllables
Imitates gestures and tonal quality of adult speech
 
Nine Months
Visually searches briefly for toy that disappears
Uncovers object if observes act of hiding first
Anticipates outcome of events and return of persons
Uses social gestures
Uses jargon (invented words)
Imitates coughs, hisses, tongue clicks, raspberries, etc.
May respond to name and “no”
Attends to conversation

Ten Months
Points to body parts
Attains a goal with a “trial and error” approach
Search for hidden object but usually in a familiar place
Displays moods
Helps dress and feed self
Becomes aware of social approval and disapproval
Imitates adult speech if sounds are in repertoire
Obeys some commands
 
Eleven Months
Imitates increasingly
Seeks approval
Imitates inflections, rhythms, facial expressions
 
Twelve Months
Uses common objects appropriately
Searches in location where an object was last seen
Imitates an absent model
Expresses people preferences
Expresses a variety of emotions
Recognizes own name
Follows simple instructions, especially if accompanied by a visual cue, e.g., (bye-bye)
Speaks one or more words
Mixes words with jargon
 
Fifteen Months
Points with index finger
Looks for adults when left alone
Likes music and dancing
Pushes toys
Plays in solitary manner but likes to act for an audience
Begins make-believe play
Laughs when chased
Points to clothes, persons, toys and animals named
Uses jargon and words in conversation
Has four-to-six word vocabulary
 
Eighteen Months
Turns pages; sorts shapes
Recognizes pictures
Remembers places where objects are usually located
Imitates adult object use
Explores reactions of others; tests others
Enjoys social play; increased cooperative play
Responds to scolding and praise
Little or no sense of sharing
Begins to use two-word statements
Has approximately 20-word vocabulary
Identifies body parts
Refers to self by name
Sings or hums spontaneously
Plays “question-answer” with adults
 
Twenty-One Months
Begins to show hand preference
Fits things together, e.g., easy puzzle
Knows shapes
Sits alone with book for short periods of time
Matches objects with owners
Hugs spontaneously
Plays near but not with other children
Likes rhyming games
Tries to “tell” experiences
Understands some personal pronouns
Uses I and mine
 
Twenty-Four Months
Matches familiar objects
Comprehends one and many
Recognizes upside down pictures in books
Imagines toys have life qualities
Engages in pretend play
Enjoys parallel play; playing near other children and doing
similar things.
Communicates feelings, desires, and interests
Has 200-300 word expressive vocabulary; names most common objects
Uses short incomplete sentences
Uses some prepositions (in, on) and pronouns (I, me, you), but not always correctly.
Uses some irregular verb endings (-s, -ed, -ing and plural s)

Three Years
Creates representational art: one shape represents several things
Matches primary colors and shapes
Understands the concept of two
Enjoys make-believe play
Knows age but no concept of length of a year
Labels some coins
Plays in groups, talks while playing
Shares toys for short periods
Takes turns
Has 900-1000 word expressive vocabulary
Creates 3-4 word sentences
Uses sentences with subject and verb, but simple sentence
Follows two-step commands
 
Four Years
Has established hand preference
Categories
Counts rotely to five; understands concept of three
Knows primary colors
Plays and cooperates with others
Has 1500-1600 expressive word vocabulary
Asks many, many questions
Uses increasingly more complex language
Recounts stories and the recent past
Understands most questions, but has some difficulty understanding how and why
Relies on word order for interpretation of sentence meanings
 
Five Years
Draws well, colors in lines; creates more recognizable drawings
Prints simple words
Still lacks eye coordination for sustained reading
Knows own left from right, but in others
Counts to 13, can show four or five objects, understands concept of greater than three
Develops time concepts of today/tomorrow/yesterday, morning/afternoon’ night, day/night
Recognizes relationships of parts to whole
Enjoys dramatic play; shows interest in group activities, plays purposefully and constructively
Has expressive vocabulary of 2,100-2,200 words
Discusses feelings
Understands before and after, regardless of word order
Follows three-step commands
Has developed 90% of grammar



If your child is not meeting their developmental milestones, please contact SpeechGal Therapies.  Working together, we can make a difference! 




Website Builder provided by  Vistaprint